Antonio Saura (Huesca, 1930 - Cuenca, 1998)
Antonio Saura Atarés was born in Huesca in 1930. His childhood is conditioned by the Spanish Civil War, so in those years he lives in Madrid, Valencia and Barcelona. A tuberculosis keeps him motionless for five years. In the decade of the 50s he held his first solo exhibition in Zaragoza, and the second in Madrid, where he presented oneiric and surrealist works. In Paris he meets the surrealist group, from which he will soon move away to create his own path. In 1957 he made his first exhibition in Paris, and in 1958 he began his Imaginary Portraits, the same year in which he performed at the Venice Biennial with Eduardo Chillida and Antoni Tàpies. In 1959 he participated for the first time in "documenta II" Kassel. In the decade of the 60 he will abandon the oil paintings and will dedicate himself completely to his graphic work from etchings, serigraphs and lithographs, even making some sculptures. In this same stage he starts the series Imaginary portraits of Goya and El perro de Goya, and exhibits for the first time in the Pierre Matisse gallery in New York. During this time he will also make his first trips to Cuba, a place where, in the following decade, he will spend long periods. At the same stage, the 70s, he published his writings for the first time and continued to develop his graphic work, exhibiting in numerous galleries in Paris - where he settled permanently in 1967 -, Amsterdam or different places in Spain. During the 80s he returned to painting on canvas and drawing, and from this moment until his untimely death in 1998 he created the most outstanding of his career as an artist. It should be noted that writing will be a fundamental part of Saura's work, since through his texts and participation in debates he will give part of his opposition to the Franco regime. In addition, his rich graphic work led him to illustrate numerous books and publications of different national and European publishers throughout his life. He was awarded in many occasions for all his work and for being one of the most important artists of Spanish painting of the twentieth century, prizes among which we highlight the Gold Medal of Fine Arts granted by King Juan Carlos I or the award Guggenheim of New York, among many others. His painting makes a bold and radical reinterpretation of everything that had been done so far, creating a visual brand that has never gone unnoticed, from his early works to today.
Sources: http://www.antoniosaura.org/sp/su-vida-biografa-a // https://www.museoreinasofia.es/coleccion/autor/saura-antonio