Josep Ventosa Domènech (Barcelona, 1897 - Port d'Andratx, 1982)
José Ventosa Doménech was born in Barcelona on May 12, 1897. In 1911 he entered the School of Fine Arts of San Jorge where he studied Perspective, History of Art and Artistic Anatomy. His first work is exhibited in the "Sala Dalmau" of Barcelona in 1924. He travels to Brussels and for a few years he studies avand-garde painting. Disappointed, he returns to Barcelona and, starting from Martí Alsina, returns to the landscape. He meets Meifrén and Domingo Soler in Ripoll at the age of 25. He belongs to the group "Nou ambient" and on the margin of the group he exhibits in several capitals of Europe and South America. In 1937 he participated in the exhibition-auction "Manifestation of Catalan Art" that had to be celebrated in Mexico. In 1947 he exhibited for the first time in Palma de Mallorca in the "Costa Gallery". The landscape of Mallorca makes Ventosa not think about leaving the island. In 1975 a tribute is paid to him in the Port of Andratx, where he established his residence. He was named an adopted son of that city in April 1982, one month before his death, on May 29.
Four stages of Josep Ventosa's painting are known thanks to miquelcinema.blogspot.com; In the first stage, the painter fits into the contemporary movement of his time, Cubism, in which he forms and develops as an artist; In the second stage, which begins once he decides to abandon cubism and return to the landscape with the most classical and academic painting, he focuses his subjects on the Catalan countryside, making use of a palette of "tender" greens and soft blues, without hard contrasts creating atmospheres that attenuate the viewer's gaze. The third stage starts from his transfer of residence to Mallorca in 1940, after the Spanish Civil War (as did Joan Miró); In these years he lets himself be dazzled by the light and colors of Mallorcan nature, his paintings combine maritime landscapes and traditional themes, a painting of great quality very close to the French impressionists of the previous century and to the Catalan Noucentists at the beginning of the century, take care of the technique and the palette with rigor. From the second half of each of the 50, begins its fourth stage that will continue to the end of its production and that stands out for the creation of large large-scale works by private orders as well as public institutions and art galleries . Its landscapes stand out with large fields of millenary olive trees from Mallorca that served so many later artists of reference.
Ventosa is one of the most important representatives of the "Mallorcan landscape" of the 20th century, recognized throughout the world.
Source: PERELLÓ-PARADELO, R .: Ventosa, International Ed. Jaime III, Palma de Mallorca // http://miquelcinema.blogspot.com/2013/09/josep-ventosa-domenech-barcelona-12-de.html